Children w/ high vocabulary scores are in high quality care come from highest SES 7 levels

Family Structure analyses: 2 parent families-Controlling for mom education, mom dad age, occupation prestige, children whose fathers have more prestigious occupations are enrolled in high quality DC 6 have higher PPVT-R scores. 1 parent families-Controlling for mom age, mom education, occupational prestige, children whose mom were older are enrolled in high quality D 6 have higher PPVT-R scores.

Child’s temperament (social fear) interacts w/ quality of care. High quality care make act as a buffer for socially fearful children in positive peer interactions nonsocial play w/ peers.

b QUALITY MEASURES ALPHABATIZED BY ACRONYM: COF: Child Observation Form; DCEI: Day Care Environment Interview; DCHERS: Day Care Home Environment Rating Scale; ECERS: Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale; ECOI: Early Childhood Observation Instrument; ECOS: Early Childhood Observation Scale; FDCRS: Family Day Care Rating Scale; ITERS: Infant-Toddler Environmental Scale

c CHILD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME MEASURES ALPHABATIZED BY ACRONYM: AQS-Attachment Q-Set; Adult-Child IRS: Howes Stewart’s Adult-Child Involvement Rating Scale; ALI: Adaptive Language Inventory; BSQ: Behavior Style Questionnaire; CBI: Classroom Behavior Inventory-Preschool Form; CBS Q-Sort: Child Behavior Survey, Q-Sort version; CPS: Cognitive Play Scale; CSBS; EOWPVT: Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test; Harter: Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children; MDI: Mental Developmental Index; PBC: Preschool Behavior Checklist; PBQ: Preschool Behavior Questionnaire; PLAI: Preschool Language Assessment Instrument; POS: Play with Objects Scale; PPS: Peer Play Scale; PPVT-R: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised; PSI: Preschool Inventory-Revised; SCS: Social Competence Scale; SICD: Sequence Inventory of Communication Development; SSPS: Spivack Shure’s Social Problem Solving Skills; TBAQ: Toddler Behavior Assessment Questionnaire

1 CG: Caregiver, 2 ECE: Early Childhood Education, 3 C:A Ratio: Child:Adult Ratio, 4 Exp: Experience, 5 CC: Child Care, 6 DC: Child Development, 7 SES: Socioeconomic Status

HOME not related

Table 3

Pos neg events (Belsky Walker Spot observ checklist None Type of Care Social status, quality home envir, parents perceived social support, child temperament, child sociability Griffith’s Developmental Scales-Scale C (Verb/Ling ability at 28 mos and 40 mos) ANOVA: no care group difference in verbal abilities at 28 or 40 months Composite: Adult Child interact – 16, 28, 40 mos Composite: C:A Ratio 3 , # hrs in care per day: 16, 28, 49 mos Time in child care Social status, inhibition, paternal involvement, home environment Griffith’s Developmental Scales-(Lang Subscales)

Verbal in 2 nd predicted by (1) verb at 40 80 mos, (2) # mos in CC, (3) consistent high paternal involvement

Math in 2 nd pred by (1) mat at 80 mos, (2) struct qual, (3) inhib scores, (4) process qual.

24 mos (concurrent): Process quality related to cognitive skills, receptive language, expressive language, overall communication skills. Structural not related. HOME related to overall communication.

36 mos (concurrent): process qual related to cog, recept express lang. Ratio Gp size related to cog skill, expressive lang. T. Ed related to express lang.

Process qual: higher qual over time related to better cog, recept lang, express lang, overall communic skills. Assoc w/ expressive lang increase w/ age

Ratio: related to higher scores over time on receptive lang overall communic skills; to rate at which express skills acquired.

Childs experiences in CC 5 , Age of entry into CC 5 , # Hrs. Attendance Maternal Education Maternal IQ (PPVT-R), Values Conform, Value Soc Skills Report Cards (Social Cog Dev)

Also Time 1 process quality and C:A ratio did not predict Time 2 outcomes in hierarchical regressions that controlled for Time 1 adjustment.

C:A Ratio 3 , Group Size, CG 1 : Child-oriented Education Experience, Security Aspects, Available Space Overall rating of quality of care includes both SES 7 , overall quality of home, child gender, temperament (10, 15, 20 mos) TBQ